International framework

European Instruments

Council of Europe’s Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (2005)

EU Instruments

Council Framework Decision of 19 July 2002 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings, and protecting victims, repealing Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA

Council Framework Decision of 22 December 2003 on combating the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography (2004/68/JHA)

Council Directive of  29 March 2004 on the residence permit issued to third-country nationals who are victims of trafficking in human beings or who have been the subject of an action to facilitate illegal immigration, who cooperate with the competent authorities (2004/81/EC)

Council Framework Decision of 15 March 2001 on the standing of victims in criminal proceedings (2001/220/JHA)

International documents containing provisions relevant for defining the criminal offence of trafficking in human beings:

– UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)

– Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950)

– International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966)

– Convention for the Suppression of Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (1949)

– Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979)

– Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995)

– General recommendation of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women no.19 (1992)

– The Hague Ministerial Declaration on European Guidelines for effective measures to combat trafficking in women for the purpose of sexual exploitation (1997)

– Council of Europe – Recommendation 1325 on trafficking in women and forced prostitution in the Council of Europe member states

-Recommendation No. R (2000) 11 of the Council of Europe Committee of Ministers to member states on action against trafficking in human beings for the purpose of sexual exploitation

– EU Commission proposal for a Council Framework Decision on combating trafficking in human beings 201/0024 (2001)

International documents relating to migration and prostitution
UN regulations governing the protection of rights of foreign migrants

– UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)

– International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966) and Optional Protocol

– International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966)

– Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984)

– International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (1990)

– Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence against Women in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (1998)

– ILO Forced Labour Convention (1930)

UN Resolutions concerning the protection of women’s human rights

– UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)

– International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966) and Optional Protocol

– International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966)

– Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984)

– International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic (1904)

– International Convention for the Suppression of Traffic in Women and Children (1921)

– Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery (1926)

– International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women of Full Age (1933)

– International Convention for the Suppression of White Slave Traffic (1949)

– Convention for the Suppression of Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (1949)

– Slavery Convention (1926) with Protocol thereof (1953)

– Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery (1956)

– Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women

– Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women – CEDAW (1979)

– UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)

International documents of the Council of Europe

– Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950)

– Convention on the Compensation of Victims of Violent Crimes (1983)

– European Convention on Extradition (1957)

– European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (1959)

– European Social Charter (1996)

Recommendations of the Council of Europe

– Recommendation No. R (2000) 11 of the Council of Europe Committee of Ministers to member states on action against trafficking in human beings for the purpose of sexual exploitation

– Council of Europe recommendation concerning Sexual Exploitation, Pornography and Prostitution of, and Trafficking in, Children and Young Adults

– At the session of on January 21, 2002, the Council of Europe adopted official recommendation for Campaign against Trafficking in Women, which means that no country can become member of the European Union unless responding appropriately to this problem (in terms of protection of victims and prevention).



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